Wednesday, April 23, 2014

Sensitive Teeth

Sensitive Teeth


Is the taste of ice cream or a sip of hot coffee sometimes a painful experience for you? Does brushing or flossing make you wince occasionally? If so, you may have sensitive teeth.
Possible causes include:
  • Tooth decay (cavities)
  • Fractured teeth
  • Worn fillings
  • Gum disease
  • Worn tooth enamel
  • Exposed tooth root
In healthy teeth, a layer of enamel protects the crowns of your teeth—the part above the gum line. Under the gum line a layer called cementum protects the tooth root. Underneath both the enamel and the cementum is dentin.

 Dentin is less dense than enamel and cementum and contains microscopic tubules (small hollow tubes or canals). When dentin loses its protective covering of enamel or cementum these tubules allow heat and cold or acidic or sticky foods to reach the nerves and cells inside the tooth. Dentin may also be exposed when gums recede. The result can be hypersensitivity.

Sensitive teeth can be treated. The type of treatment will depend on what is causing the sensitivity. Your dentist may suggest one of a variety of treatments:

  • Desensitizing toothpaste. This contains compounds that help block transmission of sensation from the tooth surface to the nerve, and usually requires several applications before the sensitivity is reduced.
  • Fluoride gel. An in-office technique which strengthens tooth enamel and reduces the transmission of sensations.
  • A crown, inlay or bonding. These may be used to correct a flaw or decay that results in sensitivity.
  • Surgical gum graft. If gum tissue has been lost from the root, this will protect the root and reduce sensitivity.
  • Root canal. If sensitivity is severe and persistent and cannot be treated by other means, your dentist may recommend this treatment to eliminate the problem.
Proper oral hygiene is the key to preventing sensitive-tooth pain. Ask your dentist if you have any questions about your daily oral hygiene routine or concerns about tooth sensitivity.


Our team looks forward to meeting with you and developing a plan tailored to meet your individual needs. You can make an appointment by calling our friendly staff at (305) 670-5100 or by visiting http://www.miamismile.net. Please call Miami Smile Dental if you have any questions about cosmetic dentistry, dental implants, teeth whitening, veneers, wisdom teeth, braces, or general dentistry. We would love to hear from you.

Saturday, April 5, 2014

How to Deal With Spring and Summer-Time Dental Emergencies - Great Tips from a Top Miami Dentist

The warm weather is finally arriving, and with it comes an increase in outdoor sports and activities and lots of fun.  Being active is an excellent thing to do for a healthy body – But you must make sure your mouth is ready for the action!

Handling Dental Injuries. Of course, dental emergencies can still happen. Here are some simple tips for you to follow if you are faced with one of the more common dental emergencies. Keep this list and the emergency kit items below in your sports bag!

If a Tooth is Knocked Out: Immediately call your dentist for an emergency appointment. Hold the tooth by the crown, not the root, and gently rinse with water if it is dirty. Do not scrub or remove any attached tissue fragments. If possible, gently insert and hold the tooth in the socket or in your mouth between the check and gum to keep it moist. Otherwise, put the tooth in a cup of milk and get the dentist immediately. Remember to take the tooth with you!
Broken Tooth: Rinse your mouth with warm water. Use an ice pack or cold compress to keep any swelling down. Use ibuprofen, not aspirin, for pain. Aspirin is an anti-coagulant, which may cause excessive bleeding in a dental emergency. Immediately go to your dentist.
Broken Jaw:Apply cold compresses to control swelling. Go to your dentist or a hospital emergency room immediately.

Gums or Tissues are Injured: Injuries to the inside of the mouth such as tears, puncture wounds or cuts to the cheek, lips or tongue should be cleaned right away with warm water. Go to the emergency room if severe.
Bitten Lip or Tongue: Clean the area gently with a cloth and apply a cold compress to reduce swelling. If the bleeding doesn’t stop, go to a hospital emergency room immediately. Bleeding from a cut tongue can be reduced by pulling the tongue forward and using gauze to place pressure on the wound.

Emergency Tool Kit: Dentist’s phone numbers (office and an emergency home or cell number), Saline solution,  and a clean handkerchief.
The best way to avoid a dental emergency is to practice sports in the safest way possible. Make sure to wear your protective gear.
Wear a Mouthguard. The most-injured area of the body during contact sports is the mouth. Dental injuries can be permanent, painful and costly. The good news is that injuries can be prevented or minimized by wearing a mouthguard which covers the upper teeth and helps prevent injuries to the teeth, lips, cheeks, tongue and jaw. Of course, the helmet or headgear required for the sport or activity should also be worn as it protects against injuries to the head and neck. There are three kinds of mouthguards available. Make sure you talk to your dentist about the right one for you:
Stock or ready-made mouthguards. These are the least expensive mouthguards, found at most sports stores. They are pre-formed and ready to wear, often don’t fit very well, and may make it difficult to breathe and speak. They mayalso be bulky, loose or uncomfortable.
Boil-and-bite. Found at most sporting goods stores, these may offer a better fit than stock, and are molded to fit your mouth by boiling the mouthguard in water and then biting into the warm plastic.
Custom-fitted. These mouthguards are individually designed and constructed for you by your dentist. They’re a bit more expensive, but are more comfortable and do not interfere with speech or breathing. Rinse your mouthguard under cold water after each use and occasionally clean it with soap and cool water. Like other sports gear, mouthguards can tear or wear out, so it should be replaced after each sports season.
For more information on custom mouth guards call our office or visit our website!
Our team looks forward to meeting with you and developing a plan tailored to meet your individual needs. You can make an appointment by calling our friendly staff at (305) 670-5100 or by visiting http://www.miamismile.net. Please call Miami Smile Dental if you have any questions about cosmetic dentistry, dental implants, teeth whitening, veneers, wisdom teeth, braces, or general dentistry. We would love to hear from you.
Miami Smile Dental
Dr. Serge Papiernik
(305) 670-5100
7400 North Kendall Drive, Suite #203
Miami, FL 33156